Beca de doctorado en Surrey: "Determining the mass and shape of the Milky Way’s dark matter halo with tidal streams"
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Title: Determining the mass and shape of the Milky Way’s dark matter halo with tidal streams
Text: Tidal streams form as globular clusters and dwarf galaxies disrupt around galaxies like our own. More than 50 streams have been discovered around the Milky Way to date. These streams roughly follow orbits and are excellent tracers of the potential of our Galaxy. In addition, tidal streams are sensitive to perturbations from satellites of the Milky Way, ranging from the most massive satellites like the LMC down to dark matter subhaloes too small to form stars in the early universe. The student will work on fitting these streams with dynamical models to measure the profile and shape of our Galaxy's dark matter halo. By using streams with a range of distances and orientations, the student will measure the mass and shape of the dark halo as a function of distance, while also constraining the perturbations from the largest satellites. These precise measurements will test one of the key predictions of Lambda Cold Dark Matter, that the dark halo around the Milky Way should be triaxial. Furthermore, the measurement of the Milky Way mass will be invaluable for understanding the Milky Way in a cosmological context and comparing local observations to simulations. Finally, the difference between the stream models and the observed streams will be used to search for the expected perturbations from low-mass dark matter subhaloes.
About me: Dr. Denis Erkal is a lecturer at the University of Surrey working on dark matter and galaxy formation.
We present results of the first dynamical stream fits to the recently discovered Tucana III stream. These fits assume a fixed Milky Way potential and give proper motion predictions, which can be tested with the upcoming Gaia Data Release 2.
Deadline: December 15th
How to apply: https://www.surrey.ac.uk/postgraduate/physics-phd
The Department of Physics is home to PhD students from around the world, supported by 34 full-time, research-active academic staff. Our PhD research programmes provide opportunities for experimental, theoretical and computational research in both fundamental and applied physics, in subjects such as ...